Tracking the Beginning of a Pathogenic Bacterial Infection

Yersinia pestis by U.S. Center for Disease Control [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons.
Understanding the course of a pathogenic infection involves not only understanding what ultimately kills the host or how the bacterium or virus enters the body but also how it establishes itself in the host organism. What is the receptor that allows a virus to enter the cell? Which cells does a bacterium first target or how does it evade an immune response? While other studies of bacteria like Yersina pestis have looked at imaging the bacterial burden in model mice, questions remain about how this bacterium gets from the skin after an infected flea bites to the draining lymph nodes, where the bacteria replicate and enter the bloodstream and infection becomes fatal. A recent PLOS Pathogens article examined how the nonmotile Y. pestis disseminated itself starting from a tiny innoculation mimicking a flea bite on a mouse ear and following pathogen interaction with the host from skin to lymph node. Continue reading “Tracking the Beginning of a Pathogenic Bacterial Infection”